how thick is bear glacier

Glacier ice can also be clear and clean, forming large clear crystals. Thwaites Glacier, also known as the "doomsday glacier", is reported to be melting quicker than previously thought - scientists are now trying to find out why. Overview of 3 studies. Glacier stack stone is a profile that features a combination of sizes that creates an authentic appearance. 1981. In fact, the beach in front of Bear Glacier is an old recessional moraine that has cut off Bear Glacier’s access to the tidewater’s edge. In the 96 years between photographs, Bear Glacier has retreated more than 3 kilometers (1.9 miles) and thinned by as much as 200 meters (656 feet). During the fall, the bears eat the starchy roots of ground cones and the variety of berries found in Alaska such as blueberries, salmonberries, raspberries, and cranberries. Salmon Glacier – 11 September, 2016 Lizzie and I weren’t sure what to expect when we rolled into Stewart, B.C. Behind this beautiful polar bear, you see a massive ice wall. It was in those misty conditions that we reached the bottom of Okjökull. Our rates include gourmet meals, transportation, unique experiences, and excellent customer service. The lagoon is a very deep and clear freshwater lake, fed by the glacier and its enormous icebergs. This process of plastic deformation (internal deformation) occurs because the ice crystals are able to slowly bend and change shape without breaking or cracking. Black bear fur is usually a uniform color except for a brown muzzle and light markings that sometimes appear on their chests. There are lots of ice elementals in the peaks. Disassemble your fire ring before leaving camp. To our left was thick brush, and a 50 foot drop. The water melting from a glacier plays a very important role in the formation of depositional features at terrestrial glaciers. Remember to stay at least ½ mile away from the face of the glacier when kayaking. Also, speculation exists that the glacier bear had its origins in hybrids between black bears and grizzlies. For example, in West Antarctica the maximum ice thickness is 4.36 kilometers (2.71 miles) causing the land surface to become depressed 2.54 kilometers (1.58 miles) below sea level! Introduction. however, when they added the newbie armor quests, the regular grizzly bear skins became THICK grizzly bear skins, and they added a new item, called grizzly bear skins. Researchers used radar data to study the thickness of the Thwaites glacier shelf 2 Glacier Safety Guide Berries (like service berries and huckleberries) are a major component of a bear’s diet. Exit Glacier has been retreating roughly one kilometer each century in the last 200 years exposing the valley below where visitors can take a short walk to the face of Exit Glacier and walk through history and experience geologic time. Other factors could complicate the ice-bear relationship, such as the width of the continental shelf, preferred habitat of seals (polar bears' main food source). Make sure you have the equipment to change a flat tire. First, while its effects are temporary, bear spray usually incapacitates a grizzly instantly. In fact, I blew a tire on it last fall. Black bears in general are very capable climbers and can use trees as a place of protection and refuge. 6.5 miles (10.5 kilometers) up-glacier from the terminus of Bear Glacier in Kenai Fjords National Park, an ice-dammed lake fills and drains in a cycle that produces near-annual glacial lake outburst floods. The Salmon Glacier, the fifth largest in Canada, is a remnant of that last great age of glaciers. Bear Glacier, Gulf of Alaska. The second photograph dates from August 11, 2005. Bear Glacier, as it retreated, paused long enough to build up a sizeable moraine. Continental glaciers are currently eroding deeply into the bedrock of Antarctica and Greenland. Adult males typically weigh between 104 and 550 lbs. With the interbreeding capabilities of other black bears with different pelage, determining the future distinctive color variation and population density may become even more complicated. In recent years, park visitors have reported suddenly elevated water levels in Bear Glacier Lagoon. Currently, no population projections are made due to the lack of genetic understanding. These glacier-dammed lakes can release dangerous floods known as glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) or Jökulhlaups. Thwaites Glacier), sometimes referred to as the Doomsday Glacier, is an unusually broad and vast Antarctic glacier flowing into the Pine Island Bay, part of the Amundsen Sea, east of Mount Murphy, on the Walgreen Coast of Marie Byrd Land Its surface speeds exceed 2 kilometres per year (1.2 miles per year) near its grounding line. These used to just be called grizzly bear skins. They prefer forest with thick understory and landscapes with abundant vegetation, but can be found in urban populated areas. Gestation lasts 235 days and cubs are born in January to early February. In August 2014, a GLOF event caused Bear Glacier Lagoon to breach the moraine which separates it from Resurrection Bay. Date of experience: August 2019. The new ones cannot be used for tailoring potion bags, but are instead used in the newbie armor quests. with females weighing between 86 to 375 lbs. Our planned climb of Sahale in the North Cascades was in jeopardy due to weather. A guide to how bear bells actually work and how effective they are. Most of the other black bears in Southeast Alaska are listed under the subspecies Ursus americanus pugnax. Above: Some time-lapses and animal footage from the trip. In 2017, park staff installed a camera to monitor this source lake to better understand the dynamics of this cycle and reoccurring event. The Bear Glacier in the Kenai Peninsula along the Gulf of Alaska bears multiple clues about its past. This camera was purchased with NPS recreational fee funds and is maintained and monitored by Kenai Fjords National Park.Updated 09/02/2020. Learn more here. A few statistics on bear attacks? Likewise, a moving glacier can carry with it evidence of geologic events it has witnessed. I & II. Don’t attempt to paddle between 2 large icebergs. The main identifying feature of the Grizzly Bear is the hump on their shoulders. Easy access to a beautiful glacier. But even in national forests or private land where firearm use is legal, I’ll take a canister of bear spray over a sidearm every time. Judging Bear Size Learning to properly judge the size of black bears can take years of study. Image of the Day Land The Mammals of North America, Vols. He is at the Salmon Glacier June 1 to Sept. 15. Use dead and down wood – do not bring wood from home – and choose pieces smaller than the size of your wrist. Occasionally while exploring, there may be the option to battle an enemy. Remain twice the height or width away from the icebergs. The IKONOS satellite took this picture on August 8, 2005, capturing the glacier emptying into a nearby lake. Glacier bears move into their dens in early winter, which can be an overturned tree, a rock ledge, or a cave. The glacier bear (Ursus americanus emmonsii), sometimes referred to as the blue bear, is a subspecies of American black bear with silver-blue or gray hair endemic to Southeast Alaska.Little scientific knowledge exists of their total extent and the cause of their unique coloration. The road to Kintla is long and rough. They originated in Europe and Asia but are now also found in western United States and Canada. Late 19th – early 20th century underground coal development at the northeastern corner of the Beartooth Mountains. Now, it's losing ground due to climate change. While in battle, one's lead wolf can be inflicted with conditions that affect their abilities. Snowy glaciers in New Zealand have been left looking like streams of caramel after thick bushfire smoke blew from Australia across the Tasman sea.. Bear Glacier is located close highway, A small gravel parking, a small lake and then Bear Glacier. Camp well above the waterline of the lagoon as large waves can occur at any time and engulf your campsite. This poster belongs anywhere you'd hang travel posters or nature art, such as a bedroom or family room. Helpful. The majority of sediment eroded by the glacier … [5] This variation can be seen on individual bears that are often lighter on their backs and shoulders, with their legs and belly being much darker or even black. His bookstore in his van sells books ("Hiking in Bear Country") and DVD's that he made. With massive icebergs and blue waters, seeing the glacier up close is a thrilling experience. Bear Glacier, found in Kenai Fjords National Park, is a tidewater glacier and a popular spot for kayakers, but you can easily see it on a cruise from Seward. With a euroblade, paddling through thick kelp beds is annoying and slow, almost like walking through mud. The Bear Lake area's signature dessert is the Bear Lake raspberry shake. Glacier-dammed lakes (lakes which form from water trapped behind, below, or inside of a glacier) are common throughout Southcentral Alaska, including at Bear Glacier. It is surrounded by snowcapped peaks to the east & west, Bear Glacier to the north, and a long, thin beach to the south, separating the lagoon from the Gulf of Alaska. About 1940, two Kenai Peninsula residents, Eugene "Coho" Smith and Don Rising, apparently were successful in their attempt to cross the icefield. One of the most sought out but also feared Glacier National Park wildlife is the Grizzly Bear. But he points out that while the hikers' trails will disappear quickly, the glacier won't. If you are hiking in areas with good bear food be sure to make noise and make your presence known. Land your kayak and camp at least 2 miles from the glacier. With a greenland stick, the paddle enters and exits the dense fronds easily and you only slow down a little bit. 3 contributions 1 helpful vote. Depending on the type of glacier and its location, glaciers may move down mountain slopes and can sculpt any adjacent landmass including cliffs, hills, and peaks causing deep valleys and jagged ridges. The glacier is currently estimated to be 15 to 20 feet thick, losing about 3 feet of thickness each year. What is a bear bell? This could indicate GLOF activity upstream. Black bears have short, non-retractable claws that give them an excellent tree-climbing ability. Even kayaks and gear stored well above the waterline can be swept away. The thick (for example, over 1,000 feet thick in some of Utah’s mountain ranges) mass persists from year to year. Hunting places on the formorgar glacier are: Secondly, debris can fall onto the surface of a glacier from the valley walls at the side or above. Likewise, a moving glacier can carry with it evidence of geologic events it has witnessed. Typically, glacier basal ice has layers of frozen sand, silt and pebbles or boulders. Taku glacier in Juneau, Alaska, is the world's thickest mountain glacier and was supposed to continue growing through the end of the century. In some areas, moose and deer are a food source for black bears. What if You Encounter a Bear? When photographed, the glacier was slowly retreating. We saw moose, mountain goats, and bear on this hike. The heavy mass then slowly moves downslope by the force of gravity. Share. Students are asked to think about how fast they move and how thick they are. Figure 2 shows trends for three “benchmark” glaciers: South Cascade Glacier in Washington state, Wolverine Glacier near Alaska’s southern coast, and Gulkana Glacier in Alaska’s interior. When hiking in bear country areas like Glacier, a few tips can prevent a possible encounter. Located in Many Glacier, you can shave off 3.4 miles by taking the boat across Swiftcurrent and Josephine Lakes. What is really different is that you look down on the glacier from the road so you can see the crevasses and blue color. The Columbia Glacier in Prince William Sound, the world's fastest-melting glacier, slides into the ocean at a rate of 80 feet per day. Summit viewpoint provides a perfect view of the area and has facilities making it a great place for a picnic. "Glacier National Park (Black Bear Family)" resembles a simple painting with beautiful purples, blues, and greens surrounding the gentle view of a black bear family. The Formorgar Glacier is a glacier that extends from Hrodmir until the southern Norsir settlements. In recent years, park visitors have reported suddenly elevated water levels in Bear Glacier Lagoon. Changing water levels from a GLOF could increase iceberg calving activity in the lagoon. [11], Schoen, J and Peacock, L. (2007) "Black Bear" in J Schoen and E Dovichin (eds.). What is a bear bell? A Day Trip to a Dead Glacier: Okjökull ... nothing more ... because a thick mist is coming out of nowhere. Self-guided sightseeing tour along Salmon Glacier Road, built to connect Stewart to mining interests, is a must when visiting the area! The Bear Glacier in the Kenai Peninsula along the Gulf of Alaska bears multiple clues about its past. Unfortunately, the same waters which draw in recreationalists are also the final destination for much of the flood water displaced by GLOFs at the glacier. Grinnell Glacier Marino says hiking on the glacier doesn't harm it because the glacier melts 5 to 30 centimeters a day. Grizzly Bear. Moraines can be classified either by origin, location with respect to a glacier or former glacier, or by shape. When first mapped in 1909, it had a piedmont lobe with an area of >30 km2. You can attach it to the outside your backpack, waist belt or any other external piece of gear. The chief feature distinguishing the glacier bear from other black bears is its pelage (hair coloration), which ranges from silvery blue to gray. [10] Because of the increasing range of all subspecies of black bears since the last glacier maximum, interbreeding is taking place. Lesson 4 - an introduction to what a glacier is and the many different types that exist. In fact, the beach in front of Bear Glacier is an old recessional moraine that has cut off Bear Glacier’s access to the tidewater’s edge. The Grizzly Bear is a subspecies of the Brown Bear. Self-guided sightseeing tour along Salmon Glacier Road, built to connect Stewart to mining interests, is a must when visiting the area! [8][2][3] Few studies document the subspecies' range in association with other black bears. Very little is known about this rare color variation, so some potential threats could become an issue for the glacier bear. The men, however, told no one of their intentions, and once they returned, Smith's wife was the only one that was aware of what they had done. During the summer in Alaska, the glacier bear eats the abundant Pacific salmon spawning in the streams. The Salmon Glacier, the fifth largest in Canada, is a remnant of that last great age of glaciers. We were headed from Alaska to Utah, and had traveled less than half way when we stopped over to explore some glaciers near the small port town of Hyder, Alaska. Buy direct and save today. It is incredibly overwhelming, especially when you consider how big polar bears are. Bear GDL is part of Kenai Fjords National Park and drains into Bear Glacier Lagoon. The glacier bear female normally has her first litter by 3–5 years of age. On average, two nonfatal bear encounters occur every year in Glacier National Park. Interpretative signs along the way point out where Exit Glacier … John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York. Glacier Photography – While a picture may be worth a thousand words, a collection of images may tell a complete forensic story. See for instance Hall's 1981 The Mammals of North America.[9]. Glacier Numerology – The how big, how long, how thick, how much, how often, of glacier science. The glacier is also getting flatter: the darker debris makes the ice beneath melt faster near Base Camp, but the thicker layers of boulders and sand further down insulate the ice. Researchers used radar data to study the thickness of the Thwaites glacier shelf This breeding period takes place in June through July. Malaspina Glacier in Alaska is one of the most famous examples of this type of glacier, and is the largest piedmont glacier in the world. My daughter (12) ... Our Grizzly Bear Encounter at Grinnell Glacier in Glacier Natl Park Brian. Salmon Glacier is a 37km (23 mile) drive from Stewart. If a bear is moving in your … They hiked from Bear Glacier west to Tustumena Glacier. A bear bell is a small 1.5-inch bell with either a thick velcro strap or a carabiner used for attachment. Be prepared for rising waters when landing and camping on beaches around the lagoon. A video and differentiated worksheets are used to help students explain how they form. Park here and see the signs by The Bear Man - DVD and Video. Continue past Fish Creek Observation deck on the mine road climbing up to the parking area overlooking Salmon Glacier. Little scientific knowledge exists of their total extent and the cause of their unique coloration. [16][page needed], Listed alphabetically according to subspecific name:[17][18][page needed], The validity of this subspecies has been repeatedly debated. All our stone veneer products are suitable for interior applications such as stone accent walls or stone fireplaces as well as exterior applications such as stone veneer siding. Overview of 3 studies. Likewise, a moving glacier can carry with it evidence of geologic events it has witnessed. As a result, Bear Glacier, once classified as a tidewater glacier, is now a terrestrial glacier. You can get a thick shake made with local raspberries (in season) and local ice cream almost anywhere in the area that sells food, but some of the favorite places to get them are LeBeau's, Quick-N-Tasty, and Hometown Drive Inn, all in Garden City. Also, bear-related fatalities since 1967 are only 10. These three glaciers were chosen because they have been studied extensively by the U.S. Geological Survey for many years and because they are thought to be representative of other glaciers nearby. A “rubbed” hide, with bald patches, makes for a lame bear rug. [10] Their diet includes young shoots and roots in early spring. Most of the other black bears in southeast Alaska are listed under the subspecies Ursus americanus pugnax. Salmon Glacier is a 37km (23 mile) drive from Stewart. A glacier is a moving mass of ice and snow. Bear Glacier, with an area of ~225 km2, is a 25-km long valley glacier located in the southern Kenai Mountains. Summit viewpoint provides a perfect view of the area and has facilities making it a great place for a picnic. A guide to how bear bells actually work and how effective they are. (Erickson 1965) Hall, E. Raymond. The glacier bear (Ursus americanus emmonsii), sometimes referred to as the blue bear, is a subspecies of American black bear with silver-blue or gray hair endemic to Southeast Alaska. Bear Glacier, as it retreated, paused long enough to build up a sizeable moraine. Indeed this polar bear looks tiny in front of the Nordenskiold Glacier. This series of images shows the shrinkage of Bear Glacier in Alaska. 6.5 miles (10.5 kilometers) up-glacier from the terminus of Bear Glacier in Kenai Fjords National Park, an ice-dammed lake fills and drains in a cycle that produces near-annual glacial lake outburst floods. In recent years, park visitors have reported suddenly elevated water levels in Bear Glacier Lagoon. Of course, firearm use is prohibited in Glacier or Yellowstone National Parks. Glacier Bay’s Bear Track Inn is settled on ninety-seven acres surrounded by large growth forest and open meadows, and offers a breathtaking view of the Icy Strait. Build your fire below high tide line (if camping on an oceanfront beach) or bring a fire pan. Glacier Geophysics – How new technologies are being introduced to reexamine and refine decades old glacier analyses. [2] If all th… at 9:30pm. Bear Glacier Ice-Dammed Lake Webcam. When near a glacial outflow channel, be aware of any sudden changes in water flow, level, or clarity. Powell, Roger A., Zimmerman, John Wayne and Seaman, David Erran (1997), Last edited on 16 November 2020, at 21:18, Mammals and amphibians of Southeast Alaska, The coastal forest and mountains ecoregion of southeastern Alaska and the Tongass National Forest, http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/animals/mammal/uram/all.html, "Infraspecific taxon details : Ursus americanus emmonsii Dall, 1895", https://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/episodes/bears-of-the-last-frontier/hour-two-the-road-north/black-bear-fact-sheet/7012/, http://bear.org/website/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=35:classification-of-black-bears&catid=15&Itemid=38, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Glacier_bear&oldid=989064886, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 21:18. Glacier Bay’s Bear Track Inn is settled on ninety-seven acres surrounded by large growth forest and open meadows, and offers a breathtaking view of the Icy Strait. You can attach it to the outside your backpack, waist belt or any other external piece of gear. We were literally caught between a rock and a hard place and there was no turning back. Some of these threats are overharvesting and gene swamping. To our right was a steep wall. Great views of Glacier from parking lot. After the outpouring of water and silt into the bay, lagoon levels dropped dramatically and caused increased calving at the Bear Glacier terminus. Listen with your music up! The glacier bear habitat is dependent upon food source availability, and they move between forest, meadows, streams, and mountains in search of food and shelter. The glacier bear's habitat ranges have been reported to be the Alaskan coastal areas between Cross Sound and Cape St. Elias and from Prince William Sound to Glacier Bay in southeast Alaska, with a few sightings as far east as Juneau, Alaska, and the Taku River. When enough snow layers accumulate, the lower layers compact and recrystallize into ice. The Bear Glacier in the Kenai Peninsula along the Gulf of Alaska bears multiple clues about its past. Bear Glacier, the largest glacier in Kenai Fjords National Park, has two distinct medial moraines. It is thus possible to see a black-colored bear give birth to a bear with the glacier bears' pelage and vice versa. The glacier bear (Ursus americanus emmonsii), sometimes referred to as the blue bear, is a subspecies of American black bear with silver-blue or gray hair endemic to Southeast Alaska.There is little scientific knowledge of their total extent and the cause of their unique coloration. By the mid- 1980s, the terminus had retreated from 1-3 km, thinned by >150 m, and was actively calving small icebergs into an ice-marginal lake. Although they move slowly, glaciers do move, and this movement alters the ice as it passes over land. Deeper inside the glacier, in an abandoned mine, it has been said that the Cult is trying to melt the ice in there to revive demons that had been frozen during the great winter that occurred in Hrodmir.. In Hudson Bay, for example, female bear survival correlated strongly with sea ice conditions, but male survival correlated primarily with subsistence-hunting pressure from humans. Antarctica's Thwaites glacier ice shelf is almost a quarter thinner now than it was in the 1970s.
The American black bear is the world's most common bear species. The pure-water runoff from the 27 mile-long Matanuska glacier is used for drinking for a large part of Anchorage, Alaska’s largest city, and the surrounding areas. Geology, mines, history, maps, pictures and hikes. Breeding habits are much like any other black bear. Their fur is soft, with dense underfur and long, coarse, thick guard hairs. The bear continued along the shoreline down into the Avalanche Creek bed which parallels the trail, paying little attention to the throngs of people nearby. The vast ice sheets are incredibly thick and have thus depressed the surface of the land below sea level in many locations. The new ones cannot be used for tailoring potion bags, but are instead used in the newbie armor quests. As a result, Bear Glacier, once classified as a tidewater glacier, is now a terrestrial glacier. however, when they added the newbie armor quests, the regular grizzly bear skins became THICK grizzly bear skins, and they added a new item, called grizzly bear skins. [2][3] Bear Glacier, Gulf of Alaska. Only a very small part of Bear Glacier is visible. Continental glaciers (ice sheets, ice caps) are massive sheets of glacial ice that cover landmasses. This glacier in Geenland is advancing, you can see the ice and vegetation in contact Same glacier, you can see how it is even pushing vegetation, proving it is advancing However, advancing glaciers are the exception. Malaspina Glacier is the largest glacier in the state, with an area of 1,500 square miles and extending 50 … The … The Columbia Glacier in Prince William Sound, the world's fastest-melting glacier, slides into the ocean at a rate of 80 feet per day.
The American black bear is the world's most common bear species. It's thick bear country and Glacier bear precautions should be implemented. It was unknown whether the bear, following at a distance, actually found and got into the packs. This camera provides a daily image that allows Kenai Fjords National Park researchers to monitor the behavior of this lake and, by analyzing the photos, we are working to better understand the timing and frequency of the drainage events that lead to flooding in the proglacial lake at Bear Glacier's terminus. (USGS Photo Library - Photograph Grant 120). Swimming is not a good way to get away from a bear — bears are excellent swimmers. If there is a lot of debris falling onto the ice, it may form a rock glacier. Glacier bears, like all other black bears, are omnivores, with their diets varying depending on the food source available during the season and the location. On the way we were given a lot of information about glaciers, their formation, current situation and future. [16][page needed], Listed alphabetically according to subspecific name:[17][18][page needed], The validity of this subspecies has been repeatedly debated. In most cases they are reatreating and what you … Glacier bears share most of the characteristics of black bears such as their habitat preferences, food sources, size, and reproductive cycles. Out of these, only three involved hikers, and only one involved a solo hiker. This series of images shows the shrinkage of Bear Glacier in Alaska. A glacier is a body of ice on land that may look exceptionally beautiful and simple, but it has a very complex formation process. The American black bear is the smallest of the three bears species found in North America and is found only in North America. Our rates include gourmet meals, transportation, unique experiences, and excellent customer service. It was just beautiful. Although they move slowly, glaciers do move, and this movement alters the ice as it passes over land. At the summit, for years we saw the bear man famous for his books on the bears of Stewart and Hyder. Read more. A glacier begins to flow when a thick mass of ice begins to deform plastically under its own weight. Antarctica's Thwaites glacier ice shelf is almost a quarter thinner now than it was in the 1970s. Additional Information from the DGGS Climate and Cryosphere Hazards Program about the Bear Glacier Dammed Lake and Glacier Dammed Lakes in general is available here . About 22km from Stewart. Over the years we have seen the glacier shrink in size but it is still awesome. Black bear size varies with those on the East Coast tending to be larger than those on the West Coast. A polar bear is in front of the Nordenskiold Glacier in search of food. There is a video clip to demonstrate the movement of a glacier. These enemies each have a level that corresponds to their strength. Sheryl N. wrote a review Aug 2019. The USDA Forest Service lists U. a. emmonsii as one of several subspecies of black bears, although no evidence supports the subspecies designation other than hair coloration.[4]. Image of the Day Land ... That Bear Glacier part of our itinerary was something other worldly. This hike has it all: stunning alpine scenery, waterfalls, emerald green lakes, a glacier, and a great chance to spot wildlife. Most of the other black bears in southeast Alaska are listed under the subspecies Ursus americanus pugnax. And before shooting at any bear, make sure to assess the quality of its hide. In the late spring, black bears will often rub their rumps and flanks against tree trunks or rocks. The predator is standing on the right on large rocks. These used to just be called grizzly bear skins. The subspecies was reported by William Healey Dall in 1895. In October 2010, a GLOF was documented to cause a 1.8 meter (5.9 foot) rise in water levels in Bear Glacier Lagoon. A bear bell is a small 1.5-inch bell with either a thick velcro strap or a carabiner used for attachment. Spilling out of the Seward Icefield, Malaspina Glacier covers about 3,900 square kilometers (1,500 square miles) as it spreads across the coastal plain. [6][7] This region includes Glacier Bay National Park and portions of Tongass National Forest, a temperate rainforest preserve.

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